Biology- May 22-26

Topic: Immune System

Classwork:
Rx for Survival Video Guide

Homework:
Reading ?’s 31.4- Due Mon, May 22nd
Disease Warriors Wkst- Due Tues, May 23rd
Immune System Review (see below)- Due Thurs, May 25th
Semester Exam Review
– DNA and Botany- Due Fri, May 26th
– Body Systems- Due Mon, May 29th
 
Test:
Immune System Test- Thurs, May 25th

Immune System Review
1) Define antigen, pathogen, antibody
2) Describe the role of the following cells: B cells, cytotoxic T cells, phagocytes, helper T cells, memory
cells
3) Compare and contrast specific and nonspecific immune response
4) List the first line of defense against pathogens.
5) Is the first line of defense specific or nonspecific?
6) List the second line of defense against pathogens.
7) Is the second line of defense specific or nonspecific?
8) List the third line of defense against pathogens.
9) Is the third line of defense specific or nonspecific?
10) Describe the steps involved in humoral immunity.
11) Describe the steps involved in cell meditated immunity.
12) Describe how a vaccine works.

Biology- May 15-19

Topic:  Excretory & Immune Systems

Classwork:
Nephron Coloring
Nephron Activity
Urinalysis

Homework:
Reading ?’s 32.4, Part II– Due Tues, May 16th
Excretory System Review (see below)- Due Thurs, May 18th
Reading ?’s 31.3– Due Fri, May 19th
Reading ?’s 31.4– Due Mon, May 22nd

Test:
Excretory System Test- Thurs, May 18th

Excretory System Review
1) Describe the major functions of the excretory system
2) What organs do the job of excretion?
3) What is the function of these organs: kidneys, bladder
4) Trace the pathway of urine from where it is made to where it exits the body
5) Describe three processes which occur in the nephron.
6) When functioning properly, the nephron will excreted what substances as waste?
7) When functioning properly, the nephron will reabsorb what substance the passing blood?
8) Why is a urinalysis exam such a powerful tool for doctors in diagnosing disease?
9) Describe what occurs in kidney dialysis
10) What abnormalities are found in the urinalysis of a diabetic patient? Why are these so?
11) What abnormalities are found in the urinalysis of a patient with severe anemia? Why are these so?

Biology- May 8-12

Topic:  Cardiovascular & Excretory Systems

Classwork:
Heart Dissection
Cardiovascular STEM Activity
Nephron Coloring

Homework:
Cardiovascular System Review (see below)- Due Wed, May 10th
Reading ?’s 32.4, Part I– Due Thurs, May 11th
Reading ?’s 32.4, Part II- Due Mon, May 15th

Test:
Cardiovascular System Test- Wed, May 10th

Cardiovascular System Review

  • Describe the major role(s) of the circulatory system
  • Identify the structure and function of each of these types of blood vessels: arteries, veins, venules, arterioles, and capillaries
  • What does blue typically indicate on a circulatory system drawing?
  • What does red typically indicate on a circulatory system drawing? Why?
  • Draw a simple diagram of the heart, using red and blue colors to indicate the regions, as described in 3 and 4.
  • Label the following structures on the diagram of the heart you made: left ventricle, right ventricle, right atrium, left atrium, vena cava, aorta
  • Follow the pathway of blood through the heart
  • What are the role of the pulmonary artery and pulmonary vein? Why are these unique structures?
  • Why are the ventricles and atrium muscular walls different in side?
  • Which chamber of the heart is largest and most muscular and why?
  • What are the role of the valves in the heart and veins?
  • What controls the contraction of the heart muscles? (be specific)
  • When reading an EKG, what do the following parts of the wave indicate? – P, Q, R, S, T, and U waves
  • What does blood pressure measure?
  • What is the name for high blood pressure? What symptoms does this condition cause?
  • When a person has arteriosclerosis, what occurs to the blood vessels? What does this increase the risk of?

 

 

Biology- April 24-28

Topics: Reproductive & Circulatory Systems

Classwork:
Miracle of Life Video Wkst
Heart Coloring

Homework:
Reproductive System Review (see below)- Due Wed, April 26th
Reading ?’s 30.1– Due Thurs, April 27th
Reading ?’s 30.3– Due Fri, April 28th

Test:
Reproductive System Test

 

Reproductive System Review

  • Define zygote, gastrula, blastocyst, embryo, implantation
  • Draw a simple diagram of the male reproductive system. Label the following parts:  vas deferens, penis, urethra, epididymis, testes, scrotum
  • Describe the function of the following parts of the male reproductive system: vas deferens, penis, urethra, epididymis, testes, scrotum
  • Trace the pathway of sperm from the place where they are created in the male’s body to the place where they are released from his body.
  • Describe the development of the sperm at each of the following stages: spermatogonium, primary spermatocyte, secondary spermatocyte, spermatid, and spermatozoon.  (Hint:  Be sure to know the order of this development.)
  • Draw a simple diagram of the female reproductive system. Label the following parts:  uterus, ovaries, vagina, Fallopian tubes
  • Describe the function of the following parts of the female reproductive system: uterus, ovaries, vagina, Fallopian tubes
  • Trace the pathway of the egg from the place where it is created in the female’s body to the place where it is released from the body and/or grows as an offspring.
  • Describe the development of the egg at each of the following stages: primordial follicle, primary follicle, secondary follicle, mature follicle, corpus luteum, and corpus albicans (Hint: Be sure to know the order of this development, and be sure to mention hormones involved in each stage.)
  • What occurs during ovulation?
  • What occurs during menstruation? (including how hormone levels impact this process)
  • What signals puberty, causing the development of sperm or egg?
  • Describe the process of fertilization. (Hint: Include where it takes place.)
  • Order these stages of human development: gastrula, embryo, blastocyst, zygote, fetus
  • Describe what happens to a woman’s body during birth.

Biology- April 3-7

Topic: Endocrine System- Chapter 29

Classwork:
Hormone Chart
Endocrine System Case Study

Homework:
Reading ?’s 29.6, Part II– Due Mon, April 3rd
Reading ?’s 29.6, Part III – Due Wed, April 5th
Review (see below)- Due Fri, April 7th

Test:
Endocrine System Test- Fri, April 7th

Endocrine System Review
• Define hormone and target cell
• What is the purpose of the endocrine system?
• How does a hormone travel from the place it was secreted to its target cell?
• How does a hormone have an effect on a target cells? (What does the target cell have that non-target cells do not?)
• What is the difference between the way a steroid hormone works and the way of a protein (nonsteriod) hormone works?
• What is the purpose of feedback control?
• How does feedback control work in order to maintain proper blood sugar levels? (Be sure to name all hormones involved.)
• How does feedback control work in order to maintain body temperature? (Be sure to name all hormones involved.)
• Create a chart with the following columns: name of hormone, where it is produced, from where it is released, target cells/tissues/organs, action it causes
o Fill in the chart with information about the following hormones: growth hormone, gonadotropin-releasing hormone, growth-releasing hormone, antidiuretic hormone, thyroxine, triiodothyronine, calcitonin, thymosin, epinephrine, norepinephrine, insulin, glucagon, estrogen, progesterone, lutenizing hormone, testosterone, oxytocin, follicle stimulating hormone, thyroid stimulating hormone, thyroid stimulating-releasing hormone, cortisol, melatonin

 

Biology- March 27-31

Topics: Nervous & Endocrine Systems, Chapter 29

 

Homework:

Brain Wkst & Reading ?’s 29.3– Due Mon, March 26th

Sensory Organs Wkst- Due Tues, March 28th

Review  (see below) – Due Wed, March 29th

Reading ?’s 29.6, Part I– Due Thurs, March 30th

Reading ?’s 29.6, Part II– Due Fri, March 31st

Test: Nervous System Test- Wed, March 29th

 

Nervous System Review

  • What are the two major cells of the nervous system?  Describe them and their role.
  • What are the three different types of neurons.  Describe their roles.
  • Draw two neurons through which a nerve impulse is being passed.  Draw an arrow to show the pathway of the impulse.  Label an axon, dendrite, Schwann cell, myelin, synapse, neurotransmitter, receptor, and cell body.
  • How is a nerve impulse sent along a neuron?
  • How are nerve impulses transmitted from one neuron to another neuron?
  • Describe the role of a neurotransmitter.
  • How do problems with neurotransmitter levels (whether caused by disease or drug usage) impact nerve impulses?
  • How do reflexes work?
  • Are reflexes are learned or unlearned behavior?
  • Draw a brain.  Label the following parts:  cerebrum, cerebellum, medulla, pons, midbrain, brain stem
  • On this drawing, color the partial lobe red, the frontal lobe green, the temporal lobe yellow, and the occipital lobe blue.
  • On this drawing, label were the following functions would be completed:  balance, breathing, sight, hearing, smell, reasoning, purposeful movement
  • What are the functions of the following parts of the ear:  cochlea, eardrum (tympanic membrane), ear bones, semicircular canals, outer ear
  • How do our ears help us to maintain balance?
  • How does the body sense taste?
  • What are the functions of the following parts of the eye:  pupil, iris, cornea, retina, fovea, sclera
  • How are cone and rod cells different?
  • Once our eyes see an image, what happens for our brain to “see” this image?
  • What are the role of the following sensors in the sense of touch:  mechanoreceptors, nociceptors, thermoreceptors
  • How does the body sense smell?