Biology- Feb 19-23

Topic: Genetics

Classwork:
Gene Linkage and Human Genome Project
Pedigree Problem

Homework:
Reading ?’s 7.4– Due Wed, Feb 21st
Review (see below)- Due Fri, Feb 23rd

Project:
Pedigree Project (see guidelines below)- Due Thurs, Feb 22nd

Test:
Genetics Test- Fri, Feb 23rd

Genetics Unit
Performance Task #2
Family Pedigree

Goal: Create a pedigree of at least three generations, including at least seven family members, demonstrating the inheritance of a simple inheritance human genetic trait to an interested family.

Audience:  Your target audience is family who wishes to know about their inheritance patterns. (This could be your own family or that of a friend or acquaintance.)

Possible Traits to Study: Cleft chin (dimple in the chin); Facial dimples; Attachment of the ear lobe; Facial freckles; Hitchhiker’s thumb; Widow’s Peak

Project Requirements:

  • Interview family members to identify what phenotype each member has.
  • Using the phenotypes over the three generations to identify genotypes. Use Punnett squares and written explanation for your evidence for the identification of genotypes.
  • Using this information, draw a pedigree, using the correct symbols, to show the inheritance of the selected trait in this family.

Rubric:

Identification of Genotypes
Major Errors Minor Error(s) Well-Done
Phenotypes match to the identified genotypes There are more than 3 individuals in the pedigree whose phenotypes do not match the correct genotype One or two individuals in the pedigree whose phenotypes do not match the correct genotype All phenotypes match genotypes accurately
Punnett squares Punnett square inaccurately display the inheritance patterns by which the traits were passed from one generation to the next Punnett squares demonstrate the inheritance patterns by which the traits were passed from one generation to the next, with one or two errors. All Punnett square accurately demonstrate the inheritance patterns by which the traits were passed from one generation to the next
Written explanation Written explanation does not provide details about the identification of genotypes OR the explanation reveals major errors in the identification of genotypes Written explanation gives a detailed, accurate description of the identification of the genotype of most individuals on the pedigree OR the explanations fails to fully detail the identification of accurate genotypes Written explanation gives a detailed, accurate description of the identification of the genotype of all individuals on the pedigree

 

Pedigree
Major Errors Minor Error(s) Well-Done
Inheritance Display The pedigree displays how one trait is passed through the three generations, but with errors in multiple generations. The pedigree displays how one trait is passed through the three generations, but with an error in one of the three generations. The pedigree accurately displays how one trait is passed through the three generations.
Symbols Symbols for males, females, displaying trait, carrier, and non-displaying are used, with three or more errors Symbols for males, females, displaying trait, carrier, and non-displaying are used, with one or two errors Correct symbols for males, females, displaying trait, carrier, and non-displaying are used

 

Genetics Review

Ch.6 & 7

  • State Mendel’s three laws of inheritance
  • Explain how Mendel performed his experiments. (mention P, F1 and F2 generations)
  • What were the results of each of Mendel’s experiments? (F1 and F2 generations)
  • Define pedigree, complete dominance, incomplete dominance, codominance, phenotype, genotype, dominant, recessive, testcross, X-linked, allele, heterozygous, and homozygous.
  • When dealing with a completely dominant trait, under what conditions can a recessive trait appear?
  • Why do males more often have a X-linked recessive phenotype than females?
  • Describe how the following human traits are inherited: blood type, hair texture, color blindness, brown or blue eye color, and hemophilia
  • Draw a simple pedigree, showing the following a male with a trait and a female without the trait have a carrier female child and a child who does not have the trait. Label the following: symbol for male, symbol for female, indicates that it has the trait, indicates that it is without the trait, indicates marriage, indicates offspring, and indicates siblings.
  • Describe what are linked genes and how this impacts their inheritance

**Review your Punnett square and pedigree practice worksheets.  You should know how to complete Punnett squares for complete dominance, incomplete dominance, codominance, multiple alleles, X-linked, and two factor crosses.  You should be able to derive the parents’ genotypes based on their offspring.  You should also be able to interpret a pedigree.

 

 

 

 

 

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Biology- Feb 12-16

Topic: Genetics

Video Tutorial:
Two Factor Crosses

Homework:
Non-Mendelian Punnett Square– Due Mon, Feb 12th
Sex-Linkage Punnett Square– Due Tues, Feb 13th
Two Factor Crosses Punnett Square– Due Wed, Feb 14th

Classwork;
Fruit Fly Genetics Lab

Project:
Perfect Fruit Fly Project- Due Fri, Feb 16th
Family Pedigree Project- Due Wed, Feb 21st

 

Biology- Jan 29- Nov 2

Topic: Cell Division

Classwork:
Independent Assortment Activity
Meiosis Mix-Up
Meiosis WebQuest
Karyotype Project

Homework:
Reading ?’s 6.2– Due Tues, Jan 30th
Cell Division Review (see below)- Due Fri, Feb 2nd
Reading ?’s 6.3- Due Monday, Feb 5th

Project:  Meiosis Fold-a-ble (see rubric below)- Due Fri, Feb 2nd

Test: Fri, Feb 2nd

 

Meiosis Fold-a-ble Projects

40 points

Missing (0 pts) Poor (1 pt) Average (1 ½ pts) Excellent  (2 pts)
Drawing of each phase

 

No drawing or inaccurate drawing Hand-drawn image of the phase with no labels OR a printed picture with labels Hand-drawn image of the phase with some parts labels Hand-drawn image of the phase, including labels all important parts
Description of each phase No description

 

 

Paragraph vaguely describes the phase or describes phase with errors. Paragraph describes each phase with a minor omission OR title is lacking from the phase. A title is on each page.

Paragraph describes the phases steps clearly and fully

Differences between types of cell division

 

No underlining Only one or two differences are marked between phases OR two or more errors in marking the differences. Differences between meiosis and mitosis are marked with only one error OR the omission of one or two differences. All differences between meiosis and mitosis are single underlined in the meiosis I section of the fold-a-ble.
Differences between parts of meiosis

 

No underlining Only one or two differences are marked between phases OR two or more errors in marking the differences. Differences between meiosis I and meiosis II are marked with only one error OR the omission of one or two differences. All differences between meiosis I and meiosis II are double underlined in the meiosis II section of the fold-a-ble.
Neat and colorful booklet Project is not in booklet format Fold-a-ble booklet has sloppy writing and drawings.  OR It’s folded sloppily. Fold-a-ble booklet has neat writing and drawings.  It’s folded neatly.  Drawings lack color. Fold-a-ble booklet has neat writing and drawings.  It’s folded neatly.  Drawings are colored neatly.
Spelling and grammar

 

More than ten spelling or grammar errors There are between five to ten spelling or grammar mistakes. There are less than five spelling or grammar mistakes. There are no spelling nor grammar mistakes.

 

Cell Division Review

  • Define: synapsis, gamete, crossing over, meiosis, mitosis, karyotype, anueoploidy, nondisjunction, stem cell, tetrad, cancer
  • What are the three reasons why cells divide?
  • Explain the relationships between surface area, volume, and cell division
  • What is the purpose of spindle fibers?
  • What happens during each of the stages of mitosis?
  • List the proper order of phases in mitosis.
  • How many and what types (haploid, diploid, or tetraploid) of cells result from mitosis?
  • What’s the difference between sexual and asexual reproduction?
  • How are cancer cells different than normal cells?
  • What medical treatments can be done with stem cells?
  • How many and what types (haploid, diploid, or tetraploid) of cells result from meiosis?
  • How many egg cells result from meiosis? Why?
  • How many sperm cells result from meiosis?
  • How does meiosis increase variation amongst offspring?
  • How does interphase I differ from interphase II?
  • A human haploid cell has ______ chromosomes.
  • A human diploid cell has _______ chromosomes.
  • What happens during each of the stages of meiosis?
  • How are meiosis and mitosis differ from one another?
  • Describe the chromosomal problems and physical or mental conditions that result from each of these syndromes: Turner’s, Edward’s, Downs, Klinefelter, Cri-du-chat, Patau

 

 

Biology- Jan 15-19

Topic: Cell Division

Classwork:
Mitosis Models
Mitosis Onion Root Tip Microscope Lab

Homework:
Reading ?’s 5.2– Due Wednesday, January 17th
Reading ?’s 5.5– Due Monday, January 22nd

Project:
Mitosis Fold-a-ble (see rubric below)- Due Friday, January 19th

Quiz:
Mitosis Quiz- Friday, January 19th

 

Mitosis Fold-a-ble Rubric

  Missing (0 pts) Poor (1 pt) Average (1 ½ pts) Excellent  (2 pts)
Drawing of each phase

 

No drawing Hand-drawn image of the phase with no labels OR a printed picture with labels Hand-drawn image of the phase with some parts labels Hand-drawn image of the phase, including labels all important parts
Description of each phase No description Paragraph vaguely describes the phase or describes phase with errors. Paragraph describes each phase with a minor omission OR title is lacking from the phase. A title is on each page.

Paragraph describes the phases steps clearly and fully

 
Neat and colorful booklet Project is not in booklet format Fold-a-ble booklet has sloppy writing and drawings.  OR It’s folded sloppily. Fold-a-ble booklet has neat writing and drawings.  It’s folded neatly.  Drawings lack color. Fold-a-ble booklet has neat writing and drawings.  It’s folded neatly.  Drawings are colored neatly.
Spelling and grammar

 

More than ten spelling or grammar errors There are between five to ten spelling or grammar mistakes. There are less than five spelling or grammar mistakes. There are no spelling nor grammar mistakes.

 

 

 

 

 

Biology- Jan 8-12

Topic: Cell Division

Classwork:
Cell Division STEM Challenge
Lung Cancer Microscope Viewing

Homework:
Reading ?’s 5.3– Due Wed, Jan 10th

Science Fair:
Judging- Fri, Jan 12th
Judging Rubric

Project:
Mitosis Fold-a-ble Project (see rubric below)- Due Thurs, Jan 18th

Cell Division Fold-a-bles Projects

(Mitosis- 20 points; Meiosis – 40 points)

Missing (0 pts) Poor (1 pt) Average (1 ½ pts) Excellent  (2 pts)
Drawing of each phase

 

No drawing Hand-drawn image of the phase with no labels OR a printed picture with labels Hand-drawn image of the phase with some parts labels Hand-drawn image of the phase, including labels all important parts
Description of each phase No description Paragraph vaguely describes the phase or describes phase with errors. Paragraph describes each phase with a minor omission OR title is lacking from the phase. A title is on each page.

Paragraph describes the phases steps clearly and fully

Differences between types of cell division

(Meiosis Fold-a-ble only)

No underlining Only one or two differences are marked between phases OR two or more errors in marking the differences. Differences between meiosis and mitosis are marked with only one error OR the omission of one or two differences. All differences between meiosis and mitosis are single underlined in the meiosis I section of the fold-a-ble.
Differences between parts of meiosis

(Meiosis Fold-a-ble only)

No underlining Only one or two differences are marked between phases OR two or more errors in marking the differences. Differences between meiosis I and meiosis II are marked with only one error OR the omission of one or two differences. All differences between meiosis I and meiosis II are double underlined in the meiosis II section of the fold-a-ble.
Neat and colorful booklet Project is not in booklet format Fold-a-ble booklet has sloppy writing and drawings.  OR It’s folded sloppily. Fold-a-ble booklet has neat writing and drawings.  It’s folded neatly.  Drawings lack color. Fold-a-ble booklet has neat writing and drawings.  It’s folded neatly.  Drawings are colored neatly.
Spelling and grammar

 

More than ten spelling or grammar errors There are between five to ten spelling or grammar mistakes. There are less than five spelling or grammar mistakes. There are no spelling nor grammar mistakes.

 

 

 

Biology- December 4th-8th

To continue with our online learning, please watch the following videos and write a paragraph response to answer the question- “Why Are Cells Small?”

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6xx5v3PKZZM&t=187s

 
As well, the science fair presentations schedule has been modified to meet the shortened schedule that will begin on Wednesday.  Please see this Google Doc with the new schedule. 

Biology- Week of Nov 20-22

Topic:  Science Fair & Cellular Energy

Classwork:  Cellular Energy Review 

Cellular Respiration Marshmallow Model 

Homework:  Reading ?’s 4.5 Part I and Part II- Due Monday, November 20th

Reading ?’s 4.6– Due Tuesday, November 21st

Test: Cellular Energy Test- Wednesday, November 22nd

Science Fair:  You should be working on your display boards.  (See guidelines here.)   Science fair project presentations will be the week of November 26-30.  You should aim for a 7-10 minute presentation. For the presentation, you will need the following ready- a) display board, b) research paper printed and in a folder, c) science fair packet/logbook complete, d)  oral presentation (you make use notecards, if you desire), and e) dressed professionally.  You will need to sign up in this Google Doc for your date.  (Do not change people’s names.  I see edits and who made them.)  If you wish to present next Wednesday, November 22nd, please sign up to do so.  There will be extra credit for this.   The rubric for the presentations is found at this link.